Don’t let the Pomeranian’s small size fool you – these dogs have personalities that are larger than life. Weighing just three to seven pounds and standing seven inches tall, Pomeranians make excellent companion dogs.
But with big, furry coats, this breed requires a little more grooming than others. A good brush should be at the top of your grooming essentials list.
Before you run out and buy the first brush you find, it’s important to learn more about this breed’s grooming needs and what to look for when buying a brush.
Pomeranian Grooming Needs
Like most other Spitz breeds, the Pomeranian has two coats. Although they’ve been bred down in size, these dogs originated from cold weather Artic sled dogs. Having two coats of fur is common among these types of dogs.
The Pom’s two coats consist of:
- Short undercoat with dense fur
- Long top coat with guard hairs
Both of these layers blend into each other to form one thick, dense coat.
The Pomeranian’s coat requires frequent care to keep it healthy and soft. Otherwise, the coat will dry out, become brittle and eventually break off.
Here are some tips to keep your pup’s coat looking its best:
Never Brush a Dry Coat
A Pom’s coat should never be brushed when it’s dry. Always mist it with some water or leave-in before you start brushing.
When brushing, use short and gentle strokes and move in an upward direction (the direction the fur grows). Work slowly and gently. You may come across some matted areas of the fur, and you don’t want to pull or tug on these areas of the fur.
Pomeranians may need professional grooming services on a regular basis, but you must also groom your pup at home.
Brushing your pup’s coat every day will help keep it looking its best. Regular brushing will also help prevent matting, which can be difficult to work through.
If you only brush your dog’s coat a few times a week, you may find yourself having to deal with matted sections of fur more often.
The right brushing technique will also keep your pup’s coat looking healthy.
Before you get started, make sure that you remove your dog’s collar and harness so that they don’t get in the way while you brush.
The goal is to first release the dense undercoat (the first coat) from the guard hair. Here’s how:
- Work with 1″ sections of fur.
- Hold the fur at the base (right at the skin).
- Brush the fur upward and out.
- Tease the fur slightly to separate the undercoat and top coat.
The teasing action will separate the two coats, which will make it easier to brush each one. Repeat the steps above in all areas of the dog’s coat.
Trim the Coat in the Summer
If you’re thinking about shaving your Pomeranian, think again. When warm weather rolls in, most owners consider shaving to keep their pup cool, but this can actually damage the undercoat.
Instead of shaving, have your groomer give your pup a good trim. Trimming helps straighten out pieces of fur that have grown out, and keeps the coat at an even length. A good trim will also remove the ends of the coat that look and feel dried out.
The only exception to the “no shave-down” rule is the area around the dog’s anus. Feces can easily become lodged in a Pomeranian’s fur, so for hygienic purposes, it’s acceptable to shave down the fur in this area.
Maintain a Grooming Schedule
Because Pomeranian’s have a special coat, it’s important to set a proper grooming schedule and stick to it. This will help prevent matting and tangles that can really damage your dog’s coat.
Daily brushing is ideal, but if you cannot handle that type of grooming schedule, every other day will suffice.
Use a Leave-in Spray
It’s important to use a leave-in coat spray when grooming your Pomeranian. A good spray will not only make it easier to brush the coat without breaking brittle hairs, but also make it easier to keep the fur looking its best.
Leave-in sprays also:
- Prevent dead ends
- Protect from friction
- Prevent static
- Protect the skin from the sun in the summer
- Keep your pup smelling fresh and clean
Sprays can be purchased from a pet supply store or from your groomer.
How to Choose the Best Brush for a Pomeranian
Pomeranians have special coats, which means they also need special grooming tools to keep their fur looking its best.
There are four main types of grooming tools that every Pom owner should have:
- Slicker brush
- Bristle brush
- Wire-pin brush
Here’s what to consider when looking for each brush type:
A wire-pin brush does not have a rubber-tipped end, which makes it ideal for brushing a Pomeranian’s coat.
Brushes with rubber-tipped ends can get tangled easily in the Pom’s thick, dense coat.
Some Pomeranians don’t like being brushed with a wire-pin brush. If your pup fits into this category, you might have to adjust your brushing technique, or invest in a different brush.
Bristle brushes are great for all dog coats, but some types are better suited for Pomeranians than others.
These brushes may have bristles that are close together or far apart. The bristles themselves may be flexible or stiffer.
When buying a bristle brush for a Pomeranian, you want the bristles to be farther apart and stiff. These are better for longer and coarser coats.
Slicker brushes have fine wire bristles, which make them great for eliminating tangles and mats. For Pomeranians, you want a bigger and softer slicker brush.
Combs are another must-have item for Poms. Look for combs with wide teeth. It’s easier to remove hair from a wide-tooth comb and they also make it easier to put the finishing touches on your pup’s look.
A fine tooth comb is great for grooming and shaping the fur around your pup’s face.
Brushing your Pom’s fur every day or every other day will help prevent tangles and mats, but there is always a chance that your dog will develop them anyway. In this case, you may also want to invest in a good de-matting comb. These specialized combs will make it easier to get rid of mats and tangles that can make grooming difficult.